I don’t get what all the fuss is about Ortega’s comments to reclaim Guanacaste. This is NOT the first time commander Daniel has made such a claim. And it probably won’t be the last.
A couple of years back, in April 2011 if I am not mistaken, Ortega threatened to take legal action to recover the Costa Rican province of Guancaste.
The comment in 2011 came months after Nicaragua allegedgly invated the territory of Isla Calero, a wetland that both Nicaragua and Costa Rica claim theirs.
At the time, Ortega said he was ready to meet his counterpart at Peñas Blancas (Costa Rica – Nicaragua border) and in the presene of Mexican and Guatemalan diplomats, to begin talks to recover what belongs to his country.
There is a lot of confusion about Guanacaste belonging to Nicaragua or even if the Nicas have a claim to it. Before the Spanish arrived, this territory was inhabited by Chorotega Indians from the town of Zapati, Nacaome, Paro, Cangel, Nicopasaya, Pocosí, Diriá, Papagayo, Namiapí and Orosi. The Corobicies lived on the eastern shore of the Gulf of Nicoya and the Nahuas or Aztecan in the zone of Bagaces.
The first church was built out of grass in Nicoya in the 17th Century.
In the 18th Century some neighbors of Rivers established their houses and cattle farms in the northern part of the Nicoya Peninsula at crossroads that connected the towns of Bagaces, Nicoya and Rivers. The place was baptized after a famous Guanacaste tree that grows in the neighborhood.
Part of the Nicaraguan territory prior to independence from Spain, but in 1824-25 the territory of Guanacaste was annexed to Costa Rica. The inhabitants decided by their own will to be part of Costa Rica. The 25th of July 1824 the town people of Nicoya and Santa Cruz decided to join Costa Rica. In 1836 the town of Guanacaste was declared capital of Guanacaste province. In 1854 the town of Guanacaste was renamed Liberia.
Nicaragua wants to build a canal. And Ortega wants to be remembered in history as the builder of the Canal, rather than a Sandinista militant.
The canal, if and when it is build, will run along the southern part of Nicaragua.
And with the area of Guanacaste being part of Nicaragua, it locks in an already prosperous commercial area into the Nicaraguan econnomy.
What is next for Ortegae to claim, the province of Alajuela? It is possible? It certainly would give Nicaragua total control of the canal!