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Costa Rica Bureaucracy Affecting Central America

 

The plan for the Tablillas border post is a modern facility to expedite the passage of people and a gateway for a Central American logistics corridor. Photo Carlos Hernández / La Nacion

Q COSTA RICA – The dream that the border post of Tablillas, in Los Chiles, becoming the great gateway to the Central American logistics corridor, is still far from being a reality.

On the Nicaraguan side everything is ready for cargo to be transported to and from the port of Limon to save 160 kilometers, through the customs post of Las Tablillas, but endless red tape on the Costa Rican side is preventing works from starting on this side of the border.

On the Costa Rica side, after two years, Tablillas has the same temporary facilities with which it began and has not generated the promised development for the community.


The Tablillas border post on the Costa Rica side. The post was put into operation in May 2015 in temporary facilities. Today it continue as such. Photo Carlos Hernández / La Nacion



Officials of the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE) operate the systems work out of containers and the last inspection of bags of travelers and the work of the Drug Control Police (PCD) is done under canopies.

For area resident, the border post has brought minimal changes and what little has changed has not been good. “We continue to suffer from a shortage of sources of work,” said Humberto Miranda, a resident of the area.

The Legislature granting approval for a loan to finance the work, completion of administrative procedures, the holding of a tender to hire a project manager who must then tender the work internationally, are all of the steps that have to be completed to just to get work started at the customs post in Las Tablillas.

The border post “…started operations in the border area with Nicaragua in May 2015 with the idea of taking the strain off of Peñas Blancas in terms of entry of people and goods from the northern region, mainly because it would save traveling 160 kilometers on the road to the ports in Limón. That means about 800 fewer containers a month would have to go through the Central Valley in order to reach the Caribbean, according to estimates from 2013.”

Nacion.com explains that on the Costa Rican side, “…The problem is that in order to finalize the draft project, decisions and procedures need to be made in the country which are taking longer than imagined. In an extremely optimistic estimate, John Fonseca, vice minister of Foreign Trade, said that it could be ready by 2019 or 2020. However, he himself detailed the long list of outstanding actions, some of which are beyond the control of the executive branch. ”

Since June 2015, the country has signed a US$100 million loan with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to finance the Border Integration Program.

The intention was to modernize facilities and equipment based on a study by the Georgia Tech Foundation, where service deficiencies threatened the competitiveness of trade.

Of that fund, US$29 million will be use for the Peñas Blancas post and $12 million for Tablillas, on the northern border with Nicaragua; and US$28 million for Paso Canoas and about US$7 million for Sixaola, on the southern border with Panama)

Once the credit was approved, it moved to the Legislature for approval.

According to Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade (Comex), John Fonseca, the controversy began when local municipalities were consulted, who did not agree to waive a part of the taxes collected to make the loan itself viable. For that reason, modifications had to be made.

Fonseca explained that the IDB loan was approved in the Legislative in first debate on March 19 and is currently undergoing a consultation with the indigenous communities (deadline is today, April 5), then the loan will then be submitted to second and final debate, that must be voted on before May 11.

Source: Nacion.com; Centralamericandata.com


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