QCOSTARICA – In Costa Rica there are 147,959 young people aged between 15 and 24 who neither study nor work. They are called nini – ni estudia ni trabaja – in Spanish.
However, in 2012, there were 10.000 less nini’s, according to the State of the Region report, published in 2015.
A research conducted throughout Central America by the State of the Nation Program (PEN), attached to the National Council of Rectors (Conare) says a large part of this population is poor and live in rural areas.
Another conclusion reached by the study is that most of them did not choose to be in the condition, rather lack opportunities to have a different life, explained Alberto Mora, coordinator of the report.
The analysis places the young population of the country in four categories: ninis, those who only study, those who only work, and those who work and educate themselves at the same time.
Mora explained that the latter group is also at risk, because if their families face a severe economic need, they will leave the classrooms to provide more income for the family.
The report also identified gender gaps. For example, although on average women studying longer, but find it difficult to obtain employment. In addition they are expected to carry out unpaid domestic work.
The report also indicated that not working or studying and living in poverty, in many cases, becomes a cycle.
The State of the Region report found that it is normal for those not studying are repeating the story of their parents, who also never had the opportunity to study. On the contrary, the highest proportion of young people studying live in households were parents also had a formal education.
This trend calls into question the quality of life that these young people can have in the future, since, according to the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (Cepal). The Cepal says an adult should have at least 12 years of education to reduce the risk of living in poverty..
In the region, Costa Rica is the country that has managed to reduce the number of ninis, based on 2001 data.
For that year there were 168,000 boys considered nini, who represented 22% of the population between 15 and 24 years. In 2005, the figure dropped to 160,000 (19%), dropping to 157,000 in 2012 (18%), and by 2014, 147,959 (17%).
Despite these programs, for Mora, the country should expand the coverage of formal education, and provide more training options in areas where the demand for workers is high. For example, those related to information technology (IT).
Source La Nacion