Tuesday 15 June 2021

A Brief History of Violence in Colombia

1 hqAISuPY6t1pILq6ZTwoqQ

Colombia is a young country, it has no more than 300 years of history. Before the Discovery and Conquest by Cristóbal Colón in 1492, a large number of indigenous tribes inhabited the territory. They didn’t have a calendar, neither writing nor numerical systems. They had cultures,songs and pottery. A view of the world. The biggest tribes were led by single rulers. Social complexity was not of a state, which is based mostly on animal domestication and food production. And they were naturally violent, as any other living creature in this planet.

Colón came and the Spaniards settled. European tradition spent the following two hundred years adapting this land to their view of things. By the XIX century, the Colony was established, with towns and markets and cities and political parties. Violence happened naturally, as in any colony in this planet.

- Advertisement -

After the war of independence, Colombia has been really violent ever since. It all led one war after another, until 1903 when the War of the Thousand Days left the territory unable to perform any other entrepreneur, peaceful or bellicose, for some thirty years, in which the country decided to invest in reconstruction and building a modern world. But, again, near the decade of the 30’s, violence encountered the souls of leaders and civilians alike, and it was again war, as in any unstable state in this planet.

One leader rose, Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, a liberal by heart, and as he gained popular support, threatened the conservatives with overtaking power. He would have become a truthful president, but in 1948 was assassinated, and it led to another civil war. El Bogotazo burst out with full might. The Years of the Violence got their own name in history.

The military took over. From that time on, the two fractions were at open-battle against each other. People who belonged to a party, had to flee from their lands if they belonged to the other; if you happened to find yourself in the enemy’s territory, or with the wrong color’s shirt, you would be killed for sure. As in any other civil world in this planet.

General Rojas Pinilla was the man in charge for some five years, since the death of Gaitán until the Frente Nacional was decreed. This political maneuver determined that every presidential period would be carried by a party, and the next one by the other. It was a plebiscite decided by General Rojas Pinilla, and lasted from 1958 until 1974. However, since the Years of Violence, a number of armed groups started to form. Major groups flourished in the 60’s: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN), Ejército Popular the Liberación (EPL), among others. And they did guerrilla war, like any other guerrilla in this planet.

- Advertisement -

Due to this increasing of confrontations between parties and ideologies — as in any state yet to be formed (a biological thing) — left the population in the middle of the struggle, and many were killed. Entire families, from the agricultural sector, were displaced and their wandering steps led them to populate the main cities, but to settle in no-man’s land. Thus, slums were created. The government, busy as it was, had no way to incorporate this massive amount of people into civil life, and they were left on their own for decades. As in any natural, perilous environment, full of hatred and hunger, delinquent groups started to form in the slums as well.

Pablo Escobar copied a business idea from the drug tradition of Vietnam, discovered during the war, and made it flourish world-wide. This made Colombian violence step up to the next level. It went international. During the following three decades, drug dealers have recruited ready-to-fire children from the slums, turned them into hitmen, and the world has profited from the market of drugs and arms like never before.

It is 2015, and those armed fractions, are far from in-wont of settling down. As in any natural environment in this world, violence — as the Greeks of old understood — in the father of all things.

Article origianlly appeared at TodayColombia.com

- Advertisement -

We strive for accuracy in its reports. But if you see something that doesn’t look right, send us an email. The Q reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it’s accuracy.

Q24N is an aggregator of news for Latin America. Reports from Mexico to the tip of Chile and Caribbean are sourced for our readers to find all their Latin America news in one place.

Related Articles

Immigration system failure affected passengers at the San Jose airport Monday

QCOSTARICA -  In yet another system-wide failure in the immigration check-out,...

Rainy afternoons and nights this week in most of the country

QCOSTARICA - Characteristic of the rainy season, we will see rain...


Costa Rica will have a system to reduce marine pollution

QCOSTARICA - Costa Rica will have a system called "Interceptor" that will eliminate floating and suspended waste from the upper layer of its waters,...

Nicaragua government assures that detainees violated one of the Ten Commandments

TODAY NICARAGUA – The vice president of Nicaragua and First Lady, Rosario Murillo, assured that those who feel persecuted are for the crimes they...

The U.S. and Democracy in Nicaragua

Q REPORTS (Council on Foreign Affairs) Democracy is being destroyed in Nicaragua. This has been the long-term project of Daniel Ortega, the country’s dictator,...

Bribed with cars, sexual favors and money in exchange for road works contracts

QCOSTARICA - The OIJ uncovered a big pothole on Monday when it was announced that public officials had allied with construction companies that, apparently,...

Today’s Covid News: Contagion rate in Costa Rica remains unchanged in the last week

QCOSTARICA - The contagion rate of covid-19 in Costa Rica in the last week did not change, a fact that is seen for the...

COVID vaccines in the workplace: Can I ask who got their shots?

(DW) Jon works for the local government in the US state of Virginia. The 40-year-old received both his COVID shots in April. Most of...

Today’s Covid News: A slight drop in new cases and deaths is seen

QCOSTARICA - Faced with wasting a vaccine dose when people in the priority groups scheduled do not show up, and a substitute cannot be...

Opinion: Peru’s electoral drama is damaging democracy

Q REPORTS (DW) In Peru, the left-wing village school teacher Pedro Castillo has in all probability been elected the new president. The fact that...

Plate rupture has potential for stronger quakes

QCOSTARICA - The 5.7-magnitude tremor, felt at 5:27 pmon Thursday, occurred in a maritime zone with the potential for stronger earthquakes, explained Ivonne Arroyo,...


Get our daily newsletter with the latest posts directly in your mailbox. Click on the subscribe and fill out the form. It's that simple!

Log In

Forgot password?

Forgot password?

Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Your password reset link appears to be invalid or expired.

Log in

Privacy Policy

Add to Collection

No Collections

Here you'll find all collections you've created before.