If it’s volcanoes, colonial towns, Mayan ruins and abundant nature you’re after, head to Central America. From Belize to Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama adventure is guaranteed.

1Step back in time in Nicaragua

Horse-drawn wagon in Granada (Dreamstime)

Visit the rural backwaters and remote Caribbean islands of Nicaragua on this off-the-beaten-track adventure with Journey Latin America.

This trip is designed to take you to the parts of Nicaragua few people get to see. You’ll wander through forgotten Spanish towns, clamber over frontier forts and stroll on the sands of an English-speaking Caribbean island, caught in a time warp.

Decades of civil war, geological and economic instability kept this part of Nicaragua off the tourist map, but now this is one of Latin America’s rising stars for in-the-know travelers.

2Expect the unexpected in El Salvador

Sunset at Playa El Cuco, El Salvador (Dreamstime)

Discover what everyone else is missing out on as you uncover the best of El Salvador with Intrepid. Tucked quietly between Guatemala and Honduras, El Salvador offers a treasure trove of experiences for the intrepid traveler.

El Tunco is a laidback surf hub known only to the hardiest of surfers. The lush nature reserves near Ahuachapan are teeming with flora and fauna but not the crowds.

Anywhere else in Central America, the whitewashed village of Suchitoto would be overrun with tourists. Consider this trip an introduction to your next new favorite country.

3Birdwatching and beaches in Panama

A blue-gray tanager in Panama (Dreamstime)

Stay in Panama’s best birding lodges and walk the magnificent Quetzal Trail on this birdwatching and beaches holiday with Audley.

Two of the best birding spots are close to Panama City, so after exploring the city and witnessing the enormous Miraflores Locks in action on the Panama Canal, you’ll head to the famous Canopy Lodge and Canopy Tower as well as El Valle. A short flight will take you to David and the Quetzal Trail.

Your final stop is Punta Caracol in the Bocas del Toro archipelago where a few days of kayaking, snorkeling, fishing, and relaxing awaits.

4Conquer Nicaragua’s fiery spine

San Cristobal. Smoking. (Dreamstime)

A rocky line of volcanoes form the spine of Nicaragua and you’ll climb to the summits of eight of them on this unique trekking holiday with KE Adventure Travel.

Through a series of guided walks, you’ll conquer the black ash mountain of Cerro Negro (728m), the challenging Telica (1,091m) and, finally, San Cristobal (1,745m), the highest of them all.

This trip is not all smoking fissures, boiling mud, lava pools and crater lakes. You’ll also visit a local rum distillery and spend a few days relaxing on the golden sands of Nicaragua’s Pacific coast beaches.

5Snorkel the world’s other great barrier reef off Roatán

Young girl discovers a conch shell in Roatán (Dreamstime)

Explore the northern hemisphere’s longest barrier reef while enjoying a laid back Caribbean lifestyle on this eight-day snorkeling holiday with Dive Worldwide.

Roatán sits off Honduras’ Caribbean coast and is renowned for its warm waters and vibrant reefs. Colorful coral and unique eel gardens are just offshore, and your home on the island, the family-run Anthony’s Key Resort, is the perfect tropical retreat.

Everything is in place for a snorkeling holiday adventure you’ll never forget.

6Get active in Costa Rica

Canyoning in Costa Rica (G Adventures)

Experience the incredible diversity of Costa Rica and get your adrenaline pumping on this action-packed tour of the country with G Adventures.

This trip has been specifically designed for people who are big on adventure but short on time. You’ll whitewater raft along pristine rivers, zip wire through jungle canopies and trek through rainforest in search of wildlife and a spectacular waterfall to cool down under.

At the end of the day, a thermal spring or tropical beach awaits, ready to recharge your batteries for another day of unforgettable adventure.

7Explore the ancient lands of the Maya

Mayan ruins in Copán (Dreamstime)

Discover Honduras’ impressive Mayan past on this 14-day adventure through the jungles, rivers and highlands of Central America with Explore.

Your journey begins in Copán, a major astronomical site in Mayan times and arguably Honduras’ most important location.

After visiting the country’s Caribbean coast, you’ll cross into Guatemala, visiting Tikal, the most impressive Mayan city of all, and then venturing into the misty reaches of the Guatemalan highlands.

8Temples and beaches in Belize

Time to relax in Belize (Dreamstime)

Discover Central America’s recently unearthed Mayan ruins, spot wildlife on river trips into the untouched jungle and snorkel coral reefs in azure Caribbean waters, on this epic 14-day tour through Belize – with Rainbow Tours.

Starting in the Cayo District, you’ll explore cave systems and Mayan ruins before heading deeper into the jungle to Lamanai, an ancient ruin that looks like it came straight out of Indiana Jones.

You’ll enjoy a series of guided nature walks before ‘retiring’ to your beachfront hotel in Placencia, where you can swim and snorkel, or trek in the nearby Cockscomb Jaguar Reserve.

9Experience culture and nature in Nicaragua and El Salvador

Iglesia de la Recolección in Leon, Nicaragua (Dreamstime)

Experience a unique mix of history, culture and nature in Nicaragua and El Salvador on this 15-day adventure with TravelLocal.

Culture is abundant in both countries, especially in the colonial towns Granada, León, Suchitoto and Ataco. You’ll see how recent history has shaped Nicaragua and visit ancient sites in El Salvador.

But it is the variety and scale of nature that astounds here. Lakes, volcanoes and beaches abound, and with many tourists heading straight to Costa Rica, you’ll have them pretty much to yourself.

10Guatemala from every angle

Colonial Antigua in Guatemala (Dreamstime)

Pick coffee in misty highlands, experience unique Caribbean cultures and discover jungle-clad ruins on this diverse tour through the many faces of Guatemala with Wild Frontier.

You’ll experience highland village life in the Ixil Triangle as well as vibrant musical ceremonies with the Garifuna on the Caribbean coast.

Add in the breathtaking beauty of Lake Atitlán, the Rio Dulce and a boat ride to the remote Mayan ruins of Aguateca – and you will have experienced the very best that Guatemala has to offer.

For more information on each of the adventures here, visit Wanderlust, the original travel magazine.