Sunday, 20 September 2020

Costa Ricans Drowning In Consumer Debt

"Financial entities went beyond what they could, it was a lack of prudence,” says the head of the General Superintendent of Financial Institutions (SUGEF)

Ticos (Costa Ricans) have always had the habit of spending more than they earn. Interested more in showing off a new car, the latest watch or cellular phone, etc, drowning in credit card debt, placing aside austerity and spending limits.

According to the MEIC, the Ministry of Commerce, the accumulated balance in credit cards is more than ¢1,4 billion colones as of April 2019.

In an opinion piece by La Teja Sunday, the media writes, ” We are screwed, the country (economy)  is bouncing back, unemployment remains one of the main challenges of the government of Carlos Alvarado, and income is not enough. And a great weight is in the dangerous vicious circle of our bad habit of spending more than we earn and we are paying the consequences.”

Currently, debit for most families in Costa Rica is 8.4 times their monthly intake. On average, credit card debt per customer amounts to ¢1.3 million, according to data by the Superintendencia General de Entidades Financieras (SUGEF) – General Superintendence of Financial Entities.

- paying the bills -

In the face of such financial crisis, retailers are having difficulty attracting customers, resulting in business closures, which increased unemployment.

“A good part in this crisis is self-made, taking the bait on easy financing, which was never verified if we had the capacity to pay, they never placed a gun to our head,” says the opinion article.

The damage is everywhere. Many have a zero monthly salary after debt payments are deducted.

The crisis affects everyone, teachers, police officials, store clerks, consumer debt has no social boundaries.

On average, the debt for each debtor of credit cards in Costa Rica amounts to ¢1.3 million  (US$2,300 dollars)

- paying the bills -

The ‘evil’, as it is often described, not affects the debtor but their families, friends, and co-workers.

The debt is not only in credit cards, the major issue, but also in bank loans and retail store direct credit, luring customers with easy weekly, bi-weekly or monthly payments, with no or little money down.

The government is currently promoting a plan to ‘save’ people from unsurmounting debt, but will it help the common consumer who, for the most part, does not meet the amount set by the proposal to qualify for debt refinancing.

The  proposal aims to bring together the debts of people who have more than 50% of their salary indebted, by extending the term and at a competitive rate, but, as explained by the General Superintendent of the SUGEF, Bernardo Alfaro, in an interview with El Financiero, this would not help all debtors.

The proposed program is designed to help out debtors with short-term debt out of the vicious circle of making minimum payments, but it would mean a change of spending habits. The proposal would convert the debt into long-term, at lower rates, giving the debtor a breathing room. But if spending habits aren’t changing, they will soon find themselves in a bigger hole.

The avoid that from happening, the debtor would be required to submit to a three-year financial education program and not requesting more credits until they pay half of the debt or until half of the term has elapsed.

- paying the bills --

Alfaro blames the financial institutions, who in his opinion, “in the past were too permissive and lax when granting loans”.

Alfaro also points out that more than 35,000 people currently take home less than the “protected from debt deduction” minimum of ¢191,000 colones monthly, despite the obligation of the financial institutions to observe the minimum based on the Attorney General’s Office criteria urging the minimum salary be respected.

“It is a fault in the definition of the risk appetite of the (financial) entities. They went beyond what they could, it was a lack of prudence,” emphasizes Alfaro.

The situation is even more complicated in the case of public employees.

Previously public employees were seen as zero risk credit, because they had a very stable salary, were almost immovable and the monthly income grew over the years.

“They became the most pursued in the (financial) system. Lending to a public employee was always wonderful and that is the result of the most indebted people being public employees,” according to the head of the SUGER.



"Rico" is the crazy mind behind the Q media websites, a series of online magazines where everything is Q! In these times of new normal, stay at home. Stay safe. Stay healthy.

Related Articles

Scotiabank lays off 98; closes five branches in Costa Rica

(QCOSTARICA) Scotiabank reported this Friday, August 28, the layoff of 98...

Court confirms sanction against Scotiabank in Costa Rica for breaching anti-money laundering rule

(QCOSTARICA) The Administrative Court (Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo) upheld the sanction imposed...


Victim of sexual abuse in Cartago: “this has to stop”

(QCOSTARICA)  "I was walking and pushing my six-month-old son's stroller and my 11-year-old daughter was riding a bicycle. As I stop to get the...

Problem-Free Email Migration

Electronic mailboxes are a common thing today. You can exchange information, messages, documents, set up meetings, send notifications, and do many other things in...

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

Some people infected with the virus have no symptoms. When the virus does cause symptoms, common ones include fever, body ache, dry cough, fatigue,...

Why are the number of recovered not keeping pace with new cases?

(QCOSTARICA) If we look at the numbers, we see the number of new cases daily over the 1,000 mark. And when they do, they...

Coming out party with a parade and a clandestine bar detonated outbreaks of COVID-19 in the southern zone of Costa Rica

(QCOSTARICA) A "quinceañera" party with a horse show included and a clandestine bar, detonated the explosion of cases of COVID-19 that during the months...

COVID-19 Costa Rica: 621 deaths now; total infected 57,361

(QCOSTARICA) The Ministerio de Salud reported this Monday, September 14, 2020, 1,907 new cases in the last 48 hours -  970 on Sunday and...

Let's Keep This Going!

To be updated with all the latest news and information about Costa Rica and Latin America.

Log In

Forgot password?

Forgot password?

Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Your password reset link appears to be invalid or expired.

Log in

Privacy Policy

Add to Collection

No Collections

Here you'll find all collections you've created before.