Monday 27 September 2021

UNHCR Pushes For Central America Migrants To Be Called Refugees

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In this April 14, 2014 file photo, a police officer walks past graffiti depicting gang members that have died during a patrol in a neighborhood controlled by the Mara Salvatrucha gang in Ilopango, El Salvador. In El Salvador, the end of a truce between street gangs has led to a steep rise in homicides this year adding impetus to the migration of youths and children to the U.S. (AP Photo/Salvador Melendez, File)
In this April 14, 2014 file photo, a police officer walks past graffiti depicting gang members that have died during a patrol in a neighborhood controlled by the Mara Salvatrucha gang in Ilopango, El Salvador. In El Salvador, the end of a truce between street gangs has led to a steep rise in homicides this year adding impetus to the migration of youths and children to the U.S. (AP Photo/Salvador Melendez, File)

COSTA RICA NEWS -(AP) The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), from its offices based in San José, Costa Rica, said  officials are pushing for many of the Central Americans fleeing to the U.S. to be treated as refugees displaced by armed conflict, a designation meant to increase pressure on the United States and Mexico to accept tens of thousands of people currently ineligible for asylum.

Officials with the UNHCR say they hope to see a regional agreement on that status Thursday when migration and interior department representatives from the U.S., Mexico, and Central America meet in Nicaragua. The group will discuss updating a 30-year-old declaration regarding the obligations nations have to aid refugees.

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While such a resolution would lack any legal weight in the United States, the agency said it believes “the U.S. and Mexico should recognize that this is a refugee situation, which implies that they shouldn’t be automatically sent to their home countries but rather receive international protection.”

n this June 19, 2014 photo, a 14-year-old Guatemalan girl traveling alone waits for a northbound freight train along with other Central American migrants, in Arriaga, Chiapas state, Mexico. The United States has seen a dramatic increase in the number of Central American migrants crossing into its territory, particularly children traveling without any adult guardian. More than 52,000 unaccompanied children have been apprehended since October. (AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell)
In this June 19, 2014 photo, a 14-year-old Guatemalan girl traveling alone waits for a northbound freight train along with other Central American migrants, in Arriaga, Chiapas state, Mexico. The United States has seen a dramatic increase in the number of Central American migrants crossing into its territory, particularly children traveling without any adult guardian. More than 52,000 unaccompanied children have been apprehended since October. (AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell)

Most of the people widely considered to be refugees by the international community are fleeing more traditional political or ethnic conflicts like those in Syria or the Sudan. Central Americans would be among the first modern migrants considered refugees because they are fleeing violence and extortion at the hands of criminal gangs.

“They are leaving for some reason. Let’s not send them back in a mechanical way, but rather evaluate the reasons they left their country,” Fernando Protti, regional representative for the U.N. refugee agency, told The Associated Press.

The United States has seen a dramatic increase in the number of Central American migrants crossing into its territory, particularly children traveling without any adult guardian. More than 52,000 unaccompanied children have been apprehended since October. Three-fourths of them are from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador and most say they are fleeing pervasive gang violence and crushing poverty.

Both Congressional Republicans and the Obama administration have called for action to reverse the trend. Among other changes, the administration wants to end a 2008 law allowing child migrants to automatically appear before an immigration judge. Instead, Border Patrol agents could decide whether to deport them or allow them an additional hearing.

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Asked Monday whether the Obama administration viewed the situation at the border as a refugee crisis, White House spokesman Josh Earnest said it was “a humanitarian situation that requires urgent attention.”

In this June 19, 2014 photo, young Central American migrants traveling together play cards on a parked boxcar as they wait for a northbound freight train at the station in Arriaga, Chiapas state, Mexico. United Nations officials are pushing for many of the Central Americans fleeing to the U.S. to be treated as refugees displaced by armed conflict, a designation meant to increase pressure on the United States to accept tens of thousands of people currently ineligible for asylum. (AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell)
In this June 19, 2014 photo, young Central American migrants traveling together play cards on a parked boxcar as they wait for a northbound freight train at the station in Arriaga, Chiapas state, Mexico. United Nations officials are pushing for many of the Central Americans fleeing to the U.S. to be treated as refugees displaced by armed conflict, a designation meant to increase pressure on the United States to accept tens of thousands of people currently ineligible for asylum. (AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell)

The administration, he said, wanted to ensure child migrants were housed in “humane conditions” while authorities worked quickly to determine whether they should be allowed to remain in the U.S. If not, he said, the Homeland Security secretary should be allowed “to exercise his discretion about repatriating.”

Many Congressional Republicans attribute the increased immigration to a failure to secure the border and recent immigration policy changes that led many to believe child migrants would be allowed to stay.

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"Rico" is the crazy mind behind the Q media websites, a series of online magazines where everything is Q! In these times of new normal, stay at home. Stay safe. Stay healthy.

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