Thursday 21 January 2021

Central American migrants: The tragedy in the midst of the pandemic

Those who stayed face a precarious reality, with job losses, overcrowding, without access to medical. Those who return, deported, were in many cases exposed to contagion risks in prisons, detention centers and on the journey back.

A migrant deported from the United States wears a preventive mask against the coronavirus COVID-19 after landing at the Military Base in Guatemala City. (Photo Johan ORDONEZ / AFP)

The Donald Trump administration has been – in fact – exporting COVID-19 to Latin America by continuing to send flights with deported migrants to 11 countries in the region, the Center for Economic and Policy Research think tank reported.

- Advertisement -

Between March and April, ICE Air has carried out at least 21 flights with deportees to Guatemala, 18 to Honduras, 12 to El Salvador, 6 to Brazil, 3 to Nicaragua, Ecuador, Haiti and the Dominican Republic; and 1 flight each to Colombia and Jamaica. This, denounced the organization, represents a serious risk to the public health of these nations since it has been proven that many of them are infected.

“At the end of April, there were around 1,000 Salvadorans deported from the United States, in the midst of the health crisis, who have been transferred to quarantine centers for a period of 30 days, said César Ríos, the agency’s executive director. Non-governmental Salvadoran Migrant Institute (Insami).

From Guatemala, Ursula Roldán, director of the Institute for Global and Territorial Dynamic Processes and Research of the Rafael Landívar University, and member of the Jesuit Network of Migrants for Mexico, Central America and the United States, spoke in favor of stopping deportations from the United States, since they represent a serious risk to public health, as they are not certain of their health condition.

She added that, upon arrival in the country, health authorities place them in quarantine centers that test positive for COVID-19. Others are sent to home quarantine, in their own communities.

- Advertisement -

“We also criticize that decision because overcrowding prevails in rural communities. Instead, we proposed that quarantine centers be established for 21 days, to serve as shelters, and then transferred to their communities. We continue to insist with the government,” said Roldán.

136 Honduran migrants descend from a plane at the Toncontín International Airport in Tegucigalpa on April 25, 2020 after having been deported from Mexico (Photo ORLANDO SIERRA / AFP)

Deported … And Many Infected

Most flights of deported migrants, according to research by the Center for Economic and Policy Research, depart from two airports: Brownsville, Texas and Alexandria, Louisiana. The latter has been severely hit by COVID-19, as at least 11 employees have tested positive for the coronavirus.

Precisely from these facilities, they assure left the Guatemalan deportees (40), who arrived in their country and tested positive. According to a Guatemalan local media, the Minister of Health, Hugo Monroy, assured that in a single flight it was detected that 75% of the deportees were infected with the new coronavirus.

In his speech on April 28, the President of Guatemala, Alejandro Giammattei, confirmed in a message on the national network that 81 citizens of his country infected with coronaviruses were reported in the world and 49 died outside their homeland. Of these, 48 in the United States.

Dozens of Guatemalan citizens stranded abroad are struggling to return to their homeland.

The Migrants Who Stay

- Advertisement -

For those who remain in the United States, the reality is being equally critical due to their vulnerability, in financial and health terms. The effect of unemployment on them will be severe. It is anticipated that in some sectors the loss of jobs will be enormous, in a range of 30% to 80%, since their liquid assets are limited, at most to stay six months, and unfortunately the most affected sectors will be services and industry, where the majority of the Central American migrant population works,” said Manuel Orozco, a specialist in Migration and Remittances issues at the Inter-American Dialogue think tank.

The New York Times exposed the tragedy experienced by migrants of different nationalities in New York, the epicenter of COVID-19 in the United States. In a comprehensive report, focused primarily on central Queens, it confirmed that the pandemic has undeniably disproportionately affected Latino workers, restaurant employees, and janitors, accounting for 34% of those killed in New York, the highest percentage of any racial or ethnic group.

For its part, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), rector of health in the United States, confirmed in its report last April 29 that – at that date – the number of positive cases of coronavirus exceeded one million people in that country, and of these, about 96,681 are of Hispanic / Latino origin.

“The main countries of Salvadoran migration are Italy, Spain, Canada and the United States, precisely those most affected by the pandemic. And, when reviewing the United States, where there are around 2 million Salvadorans, we can also see that the main cities where they reside have been the most impacted: New York, Maryland, Washington DC., California, Los Angeles and Houston,” said Rios.

Central American migrants are a very vulnerable sector to the COVID-19 pandemic, since the majority remain in the United States in an irregular migratory situation – illegally, they do not have work contracts, they do not have medical insurance, they do not visit medical centers. for fear of being deported and are not benefiting from unemployment benefit programs.

In addition, he pointed out that studies have confirmed that 60% of Salvadorans live in the United States with an annual budget of US$25,000, a figure that in that country considered as extreme poverty.

“In order to survive in the United States, they themselves have created survival strategies, for example, sharing the rent payment for a $2,000 monthly apartment among 12 or 13 people, living in overcrowding,” said the Salvadoran expert.

Therefore, they are living at high levels of vulnerability.

- Advertisement -

FACT CHECK:
We strive for accuracy in its reports. But if you see something that doesn’t look right, send us an email. The Q reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it’s accuracy.

Ricohttp://www.theqmedia.com
"Rico" is the crazy mind behind the Q media websites, a series of online magazines where everything is Q! In these times of new normal, stay at home. Stay safe. Stay healthy.

Related Articles

Comptroller questions vehicle exemption to attract foreign pensioners

QCOSTARICA - The Comptroller General (CGR) detected a loophole in a...

Costa Rica will continue to allow flights from the United Kingdom without the need for a covid-19 test

QCOSTARICA - While several countries in Latin America are banning the...

MOST READ

At 11 months to delivery, the road to Limón missing 440 expropriations

QCOSTARICA - Road construction, more to the point, delivery of finish projects, has been a low point for Costa Rica's Ministerio de Obras Publicas...

Ana de Armas dumps Ben Affleck

Q MAGAZINE - Ben Affleck is single again after Ana de Armas broker off their relationship reported People. "Ben is no longer dating Ana," the...

Pfizer will reduce the deliveries of its covid-19 vaccines to adjust production process

QCOSTARICA - The American drugmaker, Pfizer, said in a statement on Friday that reduced deliveries were a temporary issue, affected by changes to its...

Biden administration braces for new wave of migrants as it rolls out new immigration plans

Q REPORTS - Hours after being sworn in as president, U.S. President Joe Biden reversed several Donald Trump immigration policies by executive action, marking...

Dog walking the beach in Santa Teresa

Dog walking the beach in Santa Teresa Beach, Puntarenas, Costa Rica Photo by Ricardo Arce via Unsplash.

Printed voucher for purchases under ¢30,000 was eliminated from January 1

QCOSTARICA - Did you notice that lately your local pulperia, supermarket, big box store and every other place you use your plastic that you...

Young Amrican woman drowned from apparent indigestion on Limón beach

QCOSTAIRCA - An American woman drowned this Wednesday afternoon in Playa Negra in Puerto Viejo, in Talamanca de Limón. The Red Cross indicated that the...

Costa Rica’s tallest building in Costa Rica towers over the National Stadium

At 140 meters height, the tallest building in Costa Rica, the new Leumi Business Center building (under construction), towers over the Estadio Nacional (National...

Covid-19 contagion rate in Costa Rica drops to its lowest levels in three months: 0.89

QCOSTARICA - The contagion rate, also called the R rate, of covid-19 in Costa Rica has dropped significantly from last week, 25.8%, and to...

Want to stay up to date with the latest?

We would love to hear from you! Please fill in your details and get updates daily in your mailbox. It's that simple!

Log In

Forgot password?

Forgot password?

Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Your password reset link appears to be invalid or expired.

Log in

Privacy Policy

Add to Collection

No Collections

Here you'll find all collections you've created before.